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Kingdom of Corsica (1736) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"Kingdom of Corsica" redirects here. For the 14th-century union with Sardinia, see Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica
Regno di Corsica Kingdom of Corsica Unrecognized state ← 1736 → Anthem Dio vi Salvi Regina Location of Corsica Location of Corsica in Europe Capital ? Language(s) Italian, Corsican, French Government Kingdom King Theodore of Corsica History
- Established 1736 - Disestablished 1736
Area 8,680 km² (3,351 sq mi) Currency soldi
The Kingdom of Corsica was a short lived kingdom on the island of Corsica. It was formed after the islanders crowned the German adventurer Theodor Stephan Freiherr von Neuhoff King of Corsica. Contents [hide]
* 1 Formation and downfall * 2 Notes * 3 Bibliography * 4 External links
 Formation and downfall
At Genoa, Neuhoff made the acquaintance of some Corsican rebels and exiles, and persuaded them that he could free their country from Genoese tyranny if they made him king of the island. With the help of the Bey of Tunis, he landed in Corsica in March 1736 with military aid. The islanders, whose campaign had not been successful, elected and crowned him king. He assumed the title of King Theodore I, issued edicts, instituted an order of knighthood, and waged war on the Genoese, at first with some success. But in-fighting among the rebels soon led to their defeat. The Genoese put a price on his head and published an account of his colourful past, and he left Corsica in November 1736, ostensibly to seek foreign assistance. After sounding out the possibility of protection from Spain and Naples, he set off to Holland where he was arrested for debt in Amsterdam.
On regaining his freedom, Theodore sent his nephew to Corsica with a supply of arms; he himself returned to Corsica in 1738, 1739, and 1743, but the combined Genoese and French forces continued to occupy the island. In 1749 he arrived in England to seek support, but eventually fell into debt and was confined in a debtors' prison in London until 1755. He regained his freedom by declaring himself bankrupt, making over his kingdom of Corsica to his creditors, and subsisted on the charity of Horace Walpole and some other friends until his death in London in 1756.
1. ^ Regarding personal names: Freiherr is a title, translated as Baron, not a first or middle name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.
* Bent, J. Theodore (1886). "King Theodore of Corsica," The English Historical Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 295-307. * Fitzgerald, Percy (1890). King Theodore of Corsica. London: Vizetelly. * Gasper, Julia (forthcoming). Theodore de Neuhoff, Roi de Corse. Bastia: Editions Materia Scritta. (French) * Graziani, Antoine-Marie (2005). le Roi Théodore. Paris: Tallandier, coll. « Biographie ». 371 p., 22 cm. – ISBN 2-84734-203-6. (French) * Pirie, Valerie (1939). His Majesty of Corsica: The True Story of the Adventurous Life of Theodore 1st. London: William Collins & Sons. * Vallance, Aylmer (1956). The Summer King: Variations by an Adventurer on an Eighteenth-Century Air. London: Thames & Hudson.
 External links
* Coin minted 1736 with initials "T.R."